Selected Cases by Article & Issues

Article Preamble459 Cases
Article 1.117 Cases
Article 1.26 Cases
Article 1.36 Cases
Article 1.41 Cases
Article 1.50 Cases
Article 1.63 Cases
Article 1.751 Cases
Article 1.814 Cases
Article 1.99 Cases
Article 1.102 Cases
Article 1.110 Cases
Article 1.121 Cases
Article 2.1.17 Cases
Article 2.1.24 Cases
Article 2.1.30 Cases
Article 2.1.41 Cases
Article 2.1.50 Cases
Article 2.1.63 Cases
Article 2.1.70 Cases
Article 2.1.80 Cases
Article 2.1.90 Cases
Article 2.1.100 Cases
Article 2.1.116 Cases
Article 2.1.123 Cases
Article 2.1.134 Cases
Article 2.1.144 Cases
Article 2.1.159 Cases
Article 2.1.162 Cases
Article 2.1.176 Cases
Article 2.1.186 Cases
Article 2.1.194 Cases
Article 2.1.208 Cases
Article 2.1.216 Cases
Article 2.1.221 Cases
Article 2.2.10 Cases
Article 2.2.20 Cases
Article 2.2.30 Cases
Article 2.2.40 Cases
Article 2.2.51 Cases
Article 2.2.60 Cases
Article 2.2.70 Cases

(1) If a contract concluded by an agent involves the agent in a conflict of interests with the principal of which the third party knew or ought to have known, the principal may avoid the contract. The right to avoid is subject to Articles 3.2.9 and 3.2.11 to 3.2.15.
(2) However, the principal may not avoid the contract
(a) if the principal had consented to, or knew or ought to have known of, the agent"s involvement in the conflict of interests; or
(b) if the agent had disclosed the conflict of interests to the principal and the latter had not objected within a reasonable time.

Number Issue # Cases
1 Agent acting in conflict of interest with principal
1.1 Agent acting for two principals
1.2 Agent contracting with itself
2 Principal entitled to avoid contract with third party
2.1 Third party’s knowledge of conflict of interest required
3 Principal´s right to avoid the contract with third party excluded
3.1 Principal consented or knew of agent´s conflict of interest
3.2 Agent disclosed conflict of interest
Article 2.2.80 Cases
Article 2.2.90 Cases
Article 2.2.101 Cases
Article 3.1.10 Cases
Article 3.1.21 Cases
Article 3.1.32 Cases
Article 3.1.41 Cases
Article 3.2.12 Cases
Article 3.2.25 Cases
Article 3.2.30 Cases
Article 3.2.40 Cases
Article 3.2.55 Cases
Article 3.2.63 Cases
Article 3.2.77 Cases
Article 3.2.82 Cases
Article 3.2.92 Cases
Article 3.2.100 Cases
Article 3.2.111 Cases
Article 3.2.122 Cases
Article 3.2.130 Cases
Article 3.2.140 Cases
Article 3.2.150 Cases
Article 3.2.160 Cases
Article 3.2.170 Cases
Article 3.3.10 Cases
Article 3.3.22 Cases
Article 4.134 Cases
Article 4.214 Cases
Article 4.330 Cases
Article 4.47 Cases
Article 4.59 Cases
Article 4.616 Cases
Article 4.71 Cases
Article 4.86 Cases
Article 5.1.13 Cases
Article 5.1.29 Cases
Article 5.1.320 Cases
Article 5.1.49 Cases
Article 5.1.50 Cases
Article 5.1.60 Cases
Article 5.1.72 Cases
Article 5.1.83 Cases
Article 5.1.90 Cases
Article 5.2.10 Cases
Article 5.2.20 Cases
Article 5.2.30 Cases
Article 5.2.40 Cases
Article 5.2.50 Cases
Article 5.2.60 Cases
Article 5.3.10 Cases
Article 5.3.20 Cases
Article 5.3.30 Cases
Article 5.3.40 Cases
Article 5.3.50 Cases
Article 6.1.10 Cases
Article 6.1.20 Cases
Article 6.1.30 Cases
Article 6.1.42 Cases
Article 6.1.50 Cases
Article 6.1.62 Cases
Article 6.1.71 Cases
Article 6.1.81 Cases
Article 6.1.94 Cases
Article 6.1.100 Cases
Article 6.1.110 Cases
Article 6.1.121 Cases
Article 6.1.131 Cases
Article 6.1.142 Cases
Article 6.1.153 Cases
Article 6.1.161 Cases
Article 6.1.171 Cases
Article 6.2.110 Cases
Article 6.2.236 Cases
Article 6.2.325 Cases
Article 7.1.17 Cases
Article 7.1.21 Cases
Article 7.1.35 Cases
Article 7.1.43 Cases
Article 7.1.52 Cases
Article 7.1.64 Cases
Article 7.1.728 Cases
Article 7.2.12 Cases
Article 7.2.24 Cases
Article 7.2.30 Cases
Article 7.2.40 Cases
Article 7.2.51 Cases
Article 7.3.125 Cases
Article 7.3.26 Cases
Article 7.3.33 Cases
Article 7.3.40 Cases
Article 7.3.54 Cases
Article 7.3.66 Cases
Article 7.3.74 Cases
Article 7.4.117 Cases
Article 7.4.220 Cases
Article 7.4.328 Cases
Article 7.4.411 Cases
Article 7.4.54 Cases
Article 7.4.63 Cases
Article 7.4.79 Cases
Article 7.4.813 Cases
Article 7.4.935 Cases
Article 7.4.102 Cases
Article 7.4.110 Cases
Article 7.4.121 Cases
Article 7.4.1312 Cases
Article 8.10 Cases
Article 8.20 Cases
Article 8.30 Cases
Article 8.40 Cases
Article 8.50 Cases
Article 9.1.10 Cases
Article 9.1.20 Cases
Article 9.1.30 Cases
Article 9.1.41 Cases
Article 9.1.51 Cases
Article 9.1.60 Cases
Article 9.1.70 Cases
Article 9.1.80 Cases
Article 9.1.90 Cases
Article 9.1.101 Cases
Article 9.1.110 Cases
Article 9.1.120 Cases
Article 9.1.131 Cases
Article 9.1.140 Cases
Article 9.1.150 Cases
Article 9.2.12 Cases
Article 9.2.20 Cases
Article 9.2.31 Cases
Article 9.2.40 Cases
Article 9.2.52 Cases
Article 9.2.60 Cases
Article 9.2.70 Cases
Article 9.2.80 Cases
Article 9.3.10 Cases
Article 9.3.20 Cases
Article 9.3.32 Cases
Article 9.3.42 Cases
Article 9.3.50 Cases
Article 9.3.60 Cases
Article 9.3.70 Cases
Article 10.10 Cases
Article 10.23 Cases
Article 10.30 Cases
Article 10.41 Cases
Article 10.50 Cases
Article 10.61 Cases
Article 10.70 Cases
Article 10.80 Cases
Article 10.92 Cases
Article 10.100 Cases
Article 10.110 Cases
Article 11.1.10 Cases
Article 11.1.20 Cases
Article 11.1.30 Cases
Article 11.1.40 Cases
Article 11.1.50 Cases
Article 11.1.60 Cases
Article 11.1.70 Cases
Article 11.1.80 Cases
Article 11.1.90 Cases
Article 11.1.100 Cases
Article 11.1.110 Cases
Article 11.1.120 Cases
Article 11.1.130 Cases
Article 11.2.10 Cases
Article 11.2.20 Cases
Article 11.2.30 Cases
Article 11.2.40 Cases