Selected Cases by Article & Issues

Article Preamble459 Cases
Article 1.117 Cases
Article 1.26 Cases
Article 1.36 Cases
Article 1.41 Cases
Article 1.50 Cases
Article 1.63 Cases
Article 1.751 Cases
Article 1.814 Cases
Article 1.99 Cases
Article 1.102 Cases
Article 1.110 Cases
Article 1.121 Cases
Article 2.1.17 Cases
Article 2.1.24 Cases
Article 2.1.30 Cases
Article 2.1.41 Cases
Article 2.1.50 Cases
Article 2.1.63 Cases
Article 2.1.70 Cases
Article 2.1.80 Cases
Article 2.1.90 Cases
Article 2.1.100 Cases
Article 2.1.116 Cases
Article 2.1.123 Cases
Article 2.1.134 Cases
Article 2.1.144 Cases
Article 2.1.159 Cases
Article 2.1.162 Cases
Article 2.1.176 Cases
Article 2.1.186 Cases
Article 2.1.194 Cases
Article 2.1.208 Cases
Article 2.1.216 Cases
Article 2.1.221 Cases
Article 2.2.10 Cases
Article 2.2.20 Cases
Article 2.2.30 Cases

(1) Where an agent acts whithin the scope of its authority and the third party knew or ought to have known that the agent was acting as an agent, the acts of the agent shall directly affect the legal relations between the principal and the third party and no legal relation is created between the agent and the third party.
(2) However, the acts of the agent shall affect only the relations between the agent and the third party, where the agent with the consent of the principal undertakes to become the party to the contract

Number Issue # Cases
1 Disclosed agency
1.1 Third party’s actual or constructive knowledge of agent's acting as agent
1.2 Agent's acting in the name of principal irrelevant
2 Agent's acts directly binding principal vis-à-vis third party
2.1 Exceptions
2.1.1 “commission agent”
Article 2.2.40 Cases
Article 2.2.51 Cases
Article 2.2.60 Cases
Article 2.2.70 Cases
Article 2.2.80 Cases
Article 2.2.90 Cases
Article 2.2.101 Cases
Article 3.1.10 Cases
Article 3.1.21 Cases
Article 3.1.32 Cases
Article 3.1.41 Cases
Article 3.2.12 Cases
Article 3.2.25 Cases
Article 3.2.30 Cases
Article 3.2.40 Cases
Article 3.2.55 Cases
Article 3.2.63 Cases
Article 3.2.77 Cases
Article 3.2.82 Cases
Article 3.2.92 Cases
Article 3.2.100 Cases
Article 3.2.111 Cases
Article 3.2.122 Cases
Article 3.2.130 Cases
Article 3.2.140 Cases
Article 3.2.150 Cases
Article 3.2.160 Cases
Article 3.2.170 Cases
Article 3.3.10 Cases
Article 3.3.22 Cases
Article 4.134 Cases
Article 4.214 Cases
Article 4.330 Cases
Article 4.47 Cases
Article 4.59 Cases
Article 4.616 Cases
Article 4.71 Cases
Article 4.86 Cases
Article 5.1.13 Cases
Article 5.1.29 Cases
Article 5.1.320 Cases
Article 5.1.49 Cases
Article 5.1.50 Cases
Article 5.1.60 Cases
Article 5.1.72 Cases
Article 5.1.83 Cases
Article 5.1.90 Cases
Article 5.2.10 Cases
Article 5.2.20 Cases
Article 5.2.30 Cases
Article 5.2.40 Cases
Article 5.2.50 Cases
Article 5.2.60 Cases
Article 5.3.10 Cases
Article 5.3.20 Cases
Article 5.3.30 Cases
Article 5.3.40 Cases
Article 5.3.50 Cases
Article 6.1.10 Cases
Article 6.1.20 Cases
Article 6.1.30 Cases
Article 6.1.42 Cases
Article 6.1.50 Cases
Article 6.1.62 Cases
Article 6.1.71 Cases
Article 6.1.81 Cases
Article 6.1.94 Cases
Article 6.1.100 Cases
Article 6.1.110 Cases
Article 6.1.121 Cases
Article 6.1.131 Cases
Article 6.1.142 Cases
Article 6.1.153 Cases
Article 6.1.161 Cases
Article 6.1.171 Cases
Article 6.2.110 Cases
Article 6.2.236 Cases
Article 6.2.325 Cases
Article 7.1.17 Cases
Article 7.1.21 Cases
Article 7.1.35 Cases
Article 7.1.43 Cases
Article 7.1.52 Cases
Article 7.1.64 Cases
Article 7.1.728 Cases
Article 7.2.12 Cases
Article 7.2.24 Cases
Article 7.2.30 Cases
Article 7.2.40 Cases
Article 7.2.51 Cases
Article 7.3.125 Cases
Article 7.3.26 Cases
Article 7.3.33 Cases
Article 7.3.40 Cases
Article 7.3.54 Cases
Article 7.3.66 Cases
Article 7.3.74 Cases
Article 7.4.117 Cases
Article 7.4.220 Cases
Article 7.4.328 Cases
Article 7.4.411 Cases
Article 7.4.54 Cases
Article 7.4.63 Cases
Article 7.4.79 Cases
Article 7.4.813 Cases
Article 7.4.935 Cases
Article 7.4.102 Cases
Article 7.4.110 Cases
Article 7.4.121 Cases
Article 7.4.1312 Cases
Article 8.10 Cases
Article 8.20 Cases
Article 8.30 Cases
Article 8.40 Cases
Article 8.50 Cases
Article 9.1.10 Cases
Article 9.1.20 Cases
Article 9.1.30 Cases
Article 9.1.41 Cases
Article 9.1.51 Cases
Article 9.1.60 Cases
Article 9.1.70 Cases
Article 9.1.80 Cases
Article 9.1.90 Cases
Article 9.1.101 Cases
Article 9.1.110 Cases
Article 9.1.120 Cases
Article 9.1.131 Cases
Article 9.1.140 Cases
Article 9.1.150 Cases
Article 9.2.12 Cases
Article 9.2.20 Cases
Article 9.2.31 Cases
Article 9.2.40 Cases
Article 9.2.52 Cases
Article 9.2.60 Cases
Article 9.2.70 Cases
Article 9.2.80 Cases
Article 9.3.10 Cases
Article 9.3.20 Cases
Article 9.3.32 Cases
Article 9.3.42 Cases
Article 9.3.50 Cases
Article 9.3.60 Cases
Article 9.3.70 Cases
Article 10.10 Cases
Article 10.23 Cases
Article 10.30 Cases
Article 10.41 Cases
Article 10.50 Cases
Article 10.61 Cases
Article 10.70 Cases
Article 10.80 Cases
Article 10.92 Cases
Article 10.100 Cases
Article 10.110 Cases
Article 11.1.10 Cases
Article 11.1.20 Cases
Article 11.1.30 Cases
Article 11.1.40 Cases
Article 11.1.50 Cases
Article 11.1.60 Cases
Article 11.1.70 Cases
Article 11.1.80 Cases
Article 11.1.90 Cases
Article 11.1.100 Cases
Article 11.1.110 Cases
Article 11.1.120 Cases
Article 11.1.130 Cases
Article 11.2.10 Cases
Article 11.2.20 Cases
Article 11.2.30 Cases
Article 11.2.40 Cases