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Article 3.1.10 Cases
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Article 3.2.55 Cases
Article 3.2.63 Cases

A party may avoid the contract when it has been led to conclude the contract by the other party"s unjustified threat which, having regard to the circumstances, is so imminent and serious as to leave the first party no reasonable alternative. In particular, a threat is unjustified if the act or omission with which a party has been threatened is wrongful in itself, or it is wrongful to use it as a means to obtain the conclusion of the contract.

Number Issue # Cases
1 Avoidance of contract for threat
1.1 Imminent and serious threat 1
1.2 Unjustified threat 1
1.2.1 Wrongful act or omission
1.2.2 Wrongful purpose to be achieved 1
1.3 Threat affecting reputation or economic interests
Article 3.2.77 Cases
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Article 3.2.111 Cases
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Article 3.2.160 Cases
Article 3.2.170 Cases
Article 3.3.10 Cases
Article 3.3.22 Cases
Article 4.134 Cases
Article 4.214 Cases
Article 4.330 Cases
Article 4.47 Cases
Article 4.59 Cases
Article 4.616 Cases
Article 4.71 Cases
Article 4.86 Cases
Article 5.1.13 Cases
Article 5.1.29 Cases
Article 5.1.320 Cases
Article 5.1.49 Cases
Article 5.1.50 Cases
Article 5.1.60 Cases
Article 5.1.72 Cases
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Article 5.1.90 Cases
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Article 6.1.42 Cases
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Article 6.1.62 Cases
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Article 6.1.100 Cases
Article 6.1.110 Cases
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Article 6.1.131 Cases
Article 6.1.142 Cases
Article 6.1.153 Cases
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Article 6.1.171 Cases
Article 6.2.110 Cases
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Article 6.2.325 Cases
Article 7.1.17 Cases
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Article 7.1.64 Cases
Article 7.1.728 Cases
Article 7.2.12 Cases
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Article 7.2.51 Cases
Article 7.3.125 Cases
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Article 7.4.63 Cases
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Article 7.4.102 Cases
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Article 8.10 Cases
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Article 8.50 Cases
Article 9.1.10 Cases
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Article 10.10 Cases
Article 10.23 Cases
Article 10.30 Cases
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Article 10.50 Cases
Article 10.61 Cases
Article 10.70 Cases
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Article 10.92 Cases
Article 10.100 Cases
Article 10.110 Cases
Article 11.1.10 Cases
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Article 11.1.60 Cases
Article 11.1.70 Cases
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Article 11.1.90 Cases
Article 11.1.100 Cases
Article 11.1.110 Cases
Article 11.1.120 Cases
Article 11.1.130 Cases
Article 11.2.10 Cases
Article 11.2.20 Cases
Article 11.2.30 Cases
Article 11.2.40 Cases