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Article Preamble459 Cases
Article 1.117 Cases
Article 1.26 Cases
Article 1.36 Cases
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Article 1.63 Cases
Article 1.751 Cases
Article 1.814 Cases
Article 1.99 Cases
Article 1.102 Cases
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Article 2.1.17 Cases
Article 2.1.24 Cases
Article 2.1.30 Cases
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Article 2.1.63 Cases
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Article 2.1.116 Cases
Article 2.1.123 Cases
Article 2.1.134 Cases
Article 2.1.144 Cases

(1) If the parties intend to conclude a contract, the fact that they intentionally leave a term to be agreed upon in further negotiations or to be determined by one of the parties or by a third person does not prevent a contract from coming into existence.
(2) The existence of the contract is not affected by the fact that subsequently
(a) the parties reach no agreement on the term;
(b) the party who is to determine the term does not do so; or
(b) the third person does not determine the term,
provided that there is an alternative means of rendering the term definite that is reasonable in the circumstances, having regard to the intention of the parties.

Number Issue # Cases
1 Contract with terms deliberately left open v. contract with missing terms (see e.g. Arts. 4.8, 5.1.2, 5.1.6, 5.1.7, 6.1.1(c ), 6.1.6, 6.1.7, 6.1.10, 6.1.11 and 7.4.9)
2 Valid conclusion of contract notwithstanding open terms 1
2.1 Express statement by parties
2.2 Inference from other circumstances 4
3 Mechanism provided for by parties for determination of open terms
3.1 Further negotiation between parties 3
3.2 Determination by third person
4 Failure of mechanism provided for by parties for determination of open terms
5 Open terms in long-term contracts
Article 2.1.159 Cases
Article 2.1.162 Cases
Article 2.1.176 Cases
Article 2.1.186 Cases
Article 2.1.194 Cases
Article 2.1.208 Cases
Article 2.1.216 Cases
Article 2.1.221 Cases
Article 2.2.10 Cases
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Article 2.2.40 Cases
Article 2.2.51 Cases
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Article 2.2.90 Cases
Article 2.2.101 Cases
Article 3.1.10 Cases
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Article 3.1.41 Cases
Article 3.2.12 Cases
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Article 3.2.55 Cases
Article 3.2.63 Cases
Article 3.2.77 Cases
Article 3.2.82 Cases
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Article 3.2.100 Cases
Article 3.2.111 Cases
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Article 3.2.130 Cases
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Article 3.2.170 Cases
Article 3.3.10 Cases
Article 3.3.22 Cases
Article 4.134 Cases
Article 4.214 Cases
Article 4.330 Cases
Article 4.47 Cases
Article 4.59 Cases
Article 4.616 Cases
Article 4.71 Cases
Article 4.86 Cases
Article 5.1.13 Cases
Article 5.1.29 Cases
Article 5.1.320 Cases
Article 5.1.49 Cases
Article 5.1.50 Cases
Article 5.1.60 Cases
Article 5.1.72 Cases
Article 5.1.83 Cases
Article 5.1.90 Cases
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Article 5.2.60 Cases
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Article 6.1.10 Cases
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Article 6.1.42 Cases
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Article 6.1.121 Cases
Article 6.1.131 Cases
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Article 6.1.171 Cases
Article 6.2.110 Cases
Article 6.2.236 Cases
Article 6.2.325 Cases
Article 7.1.17 Cases
Article 7.1.21 Cases
Article 7.1.35 Cases
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Article 7.1.52 Cases
Article 7.1.64 Cases
Article 7.1.728 Cases
Article 7.2.12 Cases
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Article 7.2.51 Cases
Article 7.3.125 Cases
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Article 7.3.54 Cases
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Article 7.3.74 Cases
Article 7.4.117 Cases
Article 7.4.220 Cases
Article 7.4.328 Cases
Article 7.4.411 Cases
Article 7.4.54 Cases
Article 7.4.63 Cases
Article 7.4.79 Cases
Article 7.4.813 Cases
Article 7.4.935 Cases
Article 7.4.102 Cases
Article 7.4.110 Cases
Article 7.4.121 Cases
Article 7.4.1312 Cases
Article 8.10 Cases
Article 8.20 Cases
Article 8.30 Cases
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Article 8.50 Cases
Article 9.1.10 Cases
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Article 9.1.101 Cases
Article 9.1.110 Cases
Article 9.1.120 Cases
Article 9.1.131 Cases
Article 9.1.140 Cases
Article 9.1.150 Cases
Article 9.2.12 Cases
Article 9.2.20 Cases
Article 9.2.31 Cases
Article 9.2.40 Cases
Article 9.2.52 Cases
Article 9.2.60 Cases
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Article 9.2.80 Cases
Article 9.3.10 Cases
Article 9.3.20 Cases
Article 9.3.32 Cases
Article 9.3.42 Cases
Article 9.3.50 Cases
Article 9.3.60 Cases
Article 9.3.70 Cases
Article 10.10 Cases
Article 10.23 Cases
Article 10.30 Cases
Article 10.41 Cases
Article 10.50 Cases
Article 10.61 Cases
Article 10.70 Cases
Article 10.80 Cases
Article 10.92 Cases
Article 10.100 Cases
Article 10.110 Cases
Article 11.1.10 Cases
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Article 11.1.70 Cases
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Article 11.1.90 Cases
Article 11.1.100 Cases
Article 11.1.110 Cases
Article 11.1.120 Cases
Article 11.1.130 Cases
Article 11.2.10 Cases
Article 11.2.20 Cases
Article 11.2.30 Cases
Article 11.2.40 Cases