Selected Cases by Article & Issues

Article Preamble459 Cases
Article 1.117 Cases
Article 1.26 Cases
Article 1.36 Cases
Article 1.41 Cases
Article 1.50 Cases
Article 1.63 Cases
Article 1.751 Cases
Article 1.814 Cases
Article 1.99 Cases
Article 1.102 Cases
Article 1.110 Cases
Article 1.121 Cases
Article 2.1.17 Cases
Article 2.1.24 Cases
Article 2.1.30 Cases
Article 2.1.41 Cases
Article 2.1.50 Cases
Article 2.1.63 Cases
Article 2.1.70 Cases
Article 2.1.80 Cases
Article 2.1.90 Cases
Article 2.1.100 Cases
Article 2.1.116 Cases
Article 2.1.123 Cases
Article 2.1.134 Cases
Article 2.1.144 Cases
Article 2.1.159 Cases
Article 2.1.162 Cases
Article 2.1.176 Cases
Article 2.1.186 Cases
Article 2.1.194 Cases
Article 2.1.208 Cases
Article 2.1.216 Cases
Article 2.1.221 Cases
Article 2.2.10 Cases
Article 2.2.20 Cases
Article 2.2.30 Cases
Article 2.2.40 Cases
Article 2.2.51 Cases
Article 2.2.60 Cases
Article 2.2.70 Cases
Article 2.2.80 Cases
Article 2.2.90 Cases
Article 2.2.101 Cases
Article 3.1.10 Cases
Article 3.1.21 Cases
Article 3.1.32 Cases
Article 3.1.41 Cases
Article 3.2.12 Cases
Article 3.2.25 Cases
Article 3.2.30 Cases
Article 3.2.40 Cases
Article 3.2.55 Cases
Article 3.2.63 Cases
Article 3.2.77 Cases
Article 3.2.82 Cases
Article 3.2.92 Cases
Article 3.2.100 Cases
Article 3.2.111 Cases
Article 3.2.122 Cases
Article 3.2.130 Cases
Article 3.2.140 Cases
Article 3.2.150 Cases
Article 3.2.160 Cases
Article 3.2.170 Cases
Article 3.3.10 Cases
Article 3.3.22 Cases
Article 4.134 Cases
Article 4.214 Cases
Article 4.330 Cases
Article 4.47 Cases
Article 4.59 Cases
Article 4.616 Cases
Article 4.71 Cases
Article 4.86 Cases
Article 5.1.13 Cases
Article 5.1.29 Cases
Article 5.1.320 Cases
Article 5.1.49 Cases
Article 5.1.50 Cases
Article 5.1.60 Cases
Article 5.1.72 Cases
Article 5.1.83 Cases
Article 5.1.90 Cases
Article 5.2.10 Cases
Article 5.2.20 Cases
Article 5.2.30 Cases
Article 5.2.40 Cases
Article 5.2.50 Cases
Article 5.2.60 Cases
Article 5.3.10 Cases
Article 5.3.20 Cases
Article 5.3.30 Cases
Article 5.3.40 Cases
Article 5.3.50 Cases
Article 6.1.10 Cases
Article 6.1.20 Cases
Article 6.1.30 Cases
Article 6.1.42 Cases
Article 6.1.50 Cases
Article 6.1.62 Cases
Article 6.1.71 Cases
Article 6.1.81 Cases
Article 6.1.94 Cases
Article 6.1.100 Cases
Article 6.1.110 Cases
Article 6.1.121 Cases
Article 6.1.131 Cases
Article 6.1.142 Cases
Article 6.1.153 Cases
Article 6.1.161 Cases
Article 6.1.171 Cases
Article 6.2.110 Cases
Article 6.2.236 Cases
Article 6.2.325 Cases
Article 7.1.17 Cases
Article 7.1.21 Cases
Article 7.1.35 Cases
Article 7.1.43 Cases
Article 7.1.52 Cases
Article 7.1.64 Cases
Article 7.1.728 Cases

(1) Non-performance by a party is excused if that party proves that the non-performance was due to an impediment beyond its control and that it could not reasonably be expected to have taken the impediment into account at the time of the conclusion of the contract or to have avoided or overcome it or its consequences.
(2) When the impediment is only temporary, the excuse shall have effect for such period as is reasonable having regard to the effect of the impediment on the performance of the contract.
(3) The party who fails to perform must give notice to the other party of the impediment and its effect on its ability to perform. If the notice is not received by the other party within a reasonable time after the party who fails to perform knew or ought to have known of the impediment, it is liable for damages resulting from such non-receipt.
(4) Nothing in this article prevents a party from exercising a right to terminate the contract or to withhold performance or request interest on money due.

Number Issue # Cases
1 Exemption for non-performance 4
1.1 Impediment amounting to exemption 2
1.1.1 Conduct by breaching party 1
1.1.2 Strike
1.1.3 Non performance by independent contractor
1.1.4 Act of public authorities 4
1.1.5 Others 15
1.2 Temporary impediment 2
2 Obligation to notify other party of impediment
2.1 Time of notice
2.2 Failure to give timely notice 1
3 Consequence of impediment on remedies 1
3.1 Termination of contract 1
3.2 Withholding of performance
3.3 Interest on money due
3.4 Specific performance
3.5 Damages 1
4 Force majeure and hardship (see arts. 6.2.1-6.2.3) 2
5 Force majeure and exemption clauses (see art. 7.1.6)
6 Force majeure in long-term contracts 1
Article 7.2.12 Cases
Article 7.2.24 Cases
Article 7.2.30 Cases
Article 7.2.40 Cases
Article 7.2.51 Cases
Article 7.3.125 Cases
Article 7.3.26 Cases
Article 7.3.33 Cases
Article 7.3.40 Cases
Article 7.3.54 Cases
Article 7.3.66 Cases
Article 7.3.74 Cases
Article 7.4.117 Cases
Article 7.4.220 Cases
Article 7.4.328 Cases
Article 7.4.411 Cases
Article 7.4.54 Cases
Article 7.4.63 Cases
Article 7.4.79 Cases
Article 7.4.813 Cases
Article 7.4.935 Cases
Article 7.4.102 Cases
Article 7.4.110 Cases
Article 7.4.121 Cases
Article 7.4.1312 Cases
Article 8.10 Cases
Article 8.20 Cases
Article 8.30 Cases
Article 8.40 Cases
Article 8.50 Cases
Article 9.1.10 Cases
Article 9.1.20 Cases
Article 9.1.30 Cases
Article 9.1.41 Cases
Article 9.1.51 Cases
Article 9.1.60 Cases
Article 9.1.70 Cases
Article 9.1.80 Cases
Article 9.1.90 Cases
Article 9.1.101 Cases
Article 9.1.110 Cases
Article 9.1.120 Cases
Article 9.1.131 Cases
Article 9.1.140 Cases
Article 9.1.150 Cases
Article 9.2.12 Cases
Article 9.2.20 Cases
Article 9.2.31 Cases
Article 9.2.40 Cases
Article 9.2.52 Cases
Article 9.2.60 Cases
Article 9.2.70 Cases
Article 9.2.80 Cases
Article 9.3.10 Cases
Article 9.3.20 Cases
Article 9.3.32 Cases
Article 9.3.42 Cases
Article 9.3.50 Cases
Article 9.3.60 Cases
Article 9.3.70 Cases
Article 10.10 Cases
Article 10.23 Cases
Article 10.30 Cases
Article 10.41 Cases
Article 10.50 Cases
Article 10.61 Cases
Article 10.70 Cases
Article 10.80 Cases
Article 10.92 Cases
Article 10.100 Cases
Article 10.110 Cases
Article 11.1.10 Cases
Article 11.1.20 Cases
Article 11.1.30 Cases
Article 11.1.40 Cases
Article 11.1.50 Cases
Article 11.1.60 Cases
Article 11.1.70 Cases
Article 11.1.80 Cases
Article 11.1.90 Cases
Article 11.1.100 Cases
Article 11.1.110 Cases
Article 11.1.120 Cases
Article 11.1.130 Cases
Article 11.2.10 Cases
Article 11.2.20 Cases
Article 11.2.30 Cases
Article 11.2.40 Cases