Selected Cases by Article & Issues

Article 1609 Cases
Article 218 Cases
Article 350 Cases
Article 4157 Cases
Article 51 Cases
Article 682 Cases
Article 7212 Cases
Article 894 Cases
Article 953 Cases
Article 109 Cases
Article 1134 Cases
Article 126 Cases
Article 132 Cases
Article 1447 Cases
Article 150 Cases
Article 163 Cases
Article 170 Cases
Article 1876 Cases
Article 1949 Cases
Article 200 Cases
Article 211 Cases
Article 220 Cases
Article 239 Cases
Article 245 Cases
Article 2596 Cases
Article 2621 Cases
Article 279 Cases
Article 283 Cases
Article 2923 Cases
Article 3017 Cases
Article 3156 Cases
Article 322 Cases
Article 3325 Cases
Article 344 Cases
Article 35140 Cases (1) The seller must deliver goods which are of the quantity, quality and description required by the contract and which are contained or packaged in the manner required by the contract.

(2) Except where the parties have agreed otherwise, the goods do not conform with the contract unless they:

(a) are fit for the purposes for which the goods of the same description would ordinarily be used;

(b) are fit for any particular purpose expressly or impliedly made known to the seller at the time of the conclusion of the contract, except where the circumstances show that the buyer did not rely, or that it was unreasonable for him to rely, on the seller"s skill and judgement;

(c) possess the qualities of the goods which the seller has held out to the buyer as a sample or a model;

(d) are contained or packaged in the manner usual for such goods or, where there is no such manner, in a manner adequate to preserve and protect the goods.

(3) The seller is not liable under sub-paragraph (a) to (d) of the preceding paragraph for any lack of conformity of the goods if at the time of the conclusion of the contract the buyer knew or could not have been unaware of such lack of conformity.
Number Issue # Cases
1 Seller's obligation to deliver conforming goods 23
1.1 According to contract 41
1.2 According to Convention 5
1.2.1 Fitness for ordinary use 36
Country Date Court
Arbitral Award 15-10-2002 Netherlands Arbitration Institute
Cases: 1
Argentina 24-04-2000 Camara Nacional de Apelaciones en lo Comercial de Buenos Aires - Sala E
Cases: 1
Australia 24-05-2004 Supreme Court of Western Australia
Australia 28-09-2010 Federal Court of Australia
Cases: 2
Austria 23-05-2005 Oberster Gerichtshof
Austria 25-01-2006 Oberster Gerichtshof
Cases: 2
Belgium 18-01-2002 Rechtbank van Koophandel, Mechelen
Belgium 10-05-2004 Hof van Hoger Beroep, Gent
Cases: 2
Denmark 21-12-2004 Vestre Landsret (Western High Court
Cases: 1
France 23-01-1996 Cour de Cassation
France 15-05-1996 Cour d'Appel de Grenoble
France 17-12-1996 Cour de Cassation
France 04-06-2004 Cour d'Appel de Paris
France 12-09-2013 Cour d'appel Bordeaux
Cases: 5
Germany 18-01-1994 Oberlandesgericht Frankfurt am Main
Germany 20-04-1994 Oberlandesgericht Frankfurt am Main
Germany 15-09-1994 Landgericht Berlin
Germany 08-03-1995 Bundesgerichtshof
Germany 24-09-1998 Landgericht Regensburg
Germany 24-03-1999 Bundesgerichtshof
Germany 02-03-2005 Bundesgerichtshof
Germany 26-09-2012 Bundesgerichtshof
Cases: 8
Italy 11-12-2008 Tribunale di Forlì
Italy 24-07-2018 Tribunale di Arezzo
Italy 17-06-2019 Tribunale di Trieste
Italy 05-07-2019 Tribunale di Pisa
Italy 24-11-2020 Corte Suprema di Cassazione
Italy 12-12-2022 Corte Suprema di Cassazione
Cases: 6
New Zealand 22-07-2011 Court of Appeal of New Zealand
Cases: 1
Republic of Korea 05-12-2008 Seoul Central District Court
Cases: 1
Spain 02-03-2000 Audiencia Provincial de Granada
Spain 11-05-2012 Fuenlabrada Court of First Instance
Cases: 2
Switzerland 21-09-1998 Handelsgericht des Kantons Zürich
Switzerland 10-10-2005 Schweizerisches Bundesgericht
Cases: 2
USA 17-05-1999 U.S. District Court, E.D., Louisiana
USA 23-08-2006 U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York
Cases: 2
1.2.2 Fitness for particular purposes 16
1.3 Conformity to sample or model 13
1.4 Usual or adequate packaging 7
1.5 Conformity to public or other law requirements in buyer's country 14
1.6 Aliud pro alio 6
1.7 Burden of proof 23
2 Buyer's knowledge of lack of conformity 5
3 Relation to domestic law 0
3.1 Remedy based on mistake as to quality of goods 2
3.2 Remedy based on innocent misrepresentation as to quality of goods 0
Article 3627 Cases
Article 370 Cases
Article 3889 Cases
Article 39239 Cases
Article 4032 Cases
Article 412 Cases
Article 426 Cases
Article 432 Cases
Article 449 Cases
Article 4539 Cases
Article 4613 Cases
Article 4724 Cases
Article 489 Cases
Article 49112 Cases
Article 5044 Cases
Article 5115 Cases
Article 525 Cases
Article 5374 Cases
Article 549 Cases
Article 559 Cases
Article 560 Cases
Article 5770 Cases
Article 5820 Cases
Article 5924 Cases
Article 607 Cases
Article 6123 Cases
Article 6224 Cases
Article 6313 Cases
Article 6427 Cases
Article 651 Cases
Article 664 Cases
Article 6716 Cases
Article 680 Cases
Article 696 Cases
Article 701 Cases
Article 7129 Cases
Article 729 Cases
Article 7317 Cases
Article 74149 Cases
Article 7544 Cases
Article 7616 Cases
Article 7743 Cases
Article 78223 Cases
Article 7938 Cases
Article 8014 Cases
Article 8134 Cases
Article 8211 Cases
Article 831 Cases
Article 8427 Cases
Article 855 Cases
Article 866 Cases
Article 873 Cases
Article 8810 Cases
Article 890 Cases
Article 901 Cases
Article 910 Cases
Article 9210 Cases
Article 934 Cases
Article 940 Cases
Article 954 Cases
Article 966 Cases
Article 970 Cases
Article 980 Cases
Article 992 Cases
Article 10022 Cases
Article 1010 Cases
Total Cases in the database 3636