Selected Cases by Article & Issues

Article 1635 Cases
Article 218 Cases
Article 350 Cases
Article 4159 Cases
Article 51 Cases
Article 682 Cases
Article 7217 Cases
Article 896 Cases
Article 953 Cases (1) The parties are bound by any usage to which they have agreed and any practices which they have established between themselves.

(2) The parties are considered, unless otherwise agreed, to have impliedly made applicable to their contract or its formation a usage of which the parties knew or ought to have known and which in international trade is widely known to, and regularly observed by, parties to contracts of the type involved in the particular trade concerned.
Number Issue # Cases
1 Usages and practices 6
1.1 Practices established between parties 19
Country Date Court
Arbitral Award 31-05-1996 Zürich Handelskammer
Arbitral Award 23-01-1997 ICC Court of Arbitration - Paris
Arbitral Award 00-12-1997 ICC Court of Arbitration - Paris
Cases: 3
Australia 24-10-2008 Federal Court of Australia
Cases: 1
Austria 31-08-2005 Oberster Gerichtshof
Cases: 1
Finland 12-04-2002 Court of Appeal of Turku
Cases: 1
France 13-09-1995 Cour d'Appel de Grenoble, Chambre Commerciale
Cases: 1
Germany 13-04-2000 Amtsgericht Duisburg
Cases: 1
Hungary 24-03-1992 Metropolitan Court of Budapest
Cases: 1
Netherlands 24-04-1996 Gerechtshof's Hertogenbosch
Netherlands 29-05-2007 Gerechtshof's Hertogenbosch
Netherlands 05-01-2022 Rechtbank Noord-Holland
Cases: 3
Slovakia 12-11-2008 Supreme Court of the Slovak Republic
Cases: 1
Switzerland 21-12-1992 Zivilgericht Kanton Basel-Stadt
Switzerland 26-09-1997 Handelsgericht Aargau
Switzerland 03-12-1997 Zivilgericht Kanton Basel-Stadt
Switzerland 10-02-1999 Handelsgericht des Kantons Zürich
Cases: 4
USA 06-04-1998 U.S. District Court, S.D., New York
USA 12-09-2006 U.S. Court of Appeals (11th Circuit)
Cases: 2
1.2 Usages expressly agreed to by parties 3
1.3 Applicability of usages not expressly agreed to by parties 4
1.3.1 Parties knew or ought to have known of usages 3
1.3.2 Usages widely known and regularly observed in international trade 28
1.3.2.1 Local usages 5
1.3.2.2 Conclusion of contract by letter of confirmation 6
1.3.2.3 Incorporation of standard terms 4
1.4 Usages to prevail over provisions of Convention 4
1.5 Validity of usages 2
Article 109 Cases
Article 1134 Cases
Article 126 Cases
Article 132 Cases
Article 1449 Cases
Article 150 Cases
Article 163 Cases
Article 170 Cases
Article 1881 Cases
Article 1950 Cases
Article 200 Cases
Article 211 Cases
Article 220 Cases
Article 239 Cases
Article 245 Cases
Article 2597 Cases
Article 2622 Cases
Article 279 Cases
Article 283 Cases
Article 2924 Cases
Article 3017 Cases
Article 3156 Cases
Article 323 Cases
Article 3326 Cases
Article 344 Cases
Article 35143 Cases
Article 3628 Cases
Article 370 Cases
Article 3891 Cases
Article 39243 Cases
Article 4032 Cases
Article 412 Cases
Article 426 Cases
Article 432 Cases
Article 4410 Cases
Article 4540 Cases
Article 4613 Cases
Article 4724 Cases
Article 489 Cases
Article 49114 Cases
Article 5044 Cases
Article 5116 Cases
Article 525 Cases
Article 5377 Cases
Article 5410 Cases
Article 559 Cases
Article 560 Cases
Article 5770 Cases
Article 5820 Cases
Article 5925 Cases
Article 607 Cases
Article 6124 Cases
Article 6224 Cases
Article 6314 Cases
Article 6428 Cases
Article 651 Cases
Article 664 Cases
Article 6717 Cases
Article 680 Cases
Article 696 Cases
Article 701 Cases
Article 7129 Cases
Article 729 Cases
Article 7318 Cases
Article 74151 Cases
Article 7548 Cases
Article 7617 Cases
Article 7744 Cases
Article 78228 Cases
Article 7940 Cases
Article 8014 Cases
Article 8135 Cases
Article 8211 Cases
Article 831 Cases
Article 8429 Cases
Article 855 Cases
Article 867 Cases
Article 874 Cases
Article 8810 Cases
Article 890 Cases
Article 901 Cases
Article 910 Cases
Article 9210 Cases
Article 934 Cases
Article 940 Cases
Article 954 Cases
Article 966 Cases
Article 970 Cases
Article 980 Cases
Article 992 Cases
Article 10022 Cases
Article 1010 Cases
Total Cases in the database 3729