Selected Cases by Article & Issues

Article 1600 Cases
Article 218 Cases
Article 350 Cases
Article 4155 Cases
Article 51 Cases
Article 680 Cases
Article 7210 Cases
Article 893 Cases (1) For the purposes of this Convention statements made by and other conduct of a party are to be interpreted according to his intent where the other party knew or could not have been unaware what that intent was.

(2) If the preceding paragraph is not applicable, statements made by and other conduct of a party are to be interpreted according to the understanding that a reasonable person of the same kind as the other party would have had in the same circumstances.

(3) In determining the intent of a party or the understanding a reasonable person would have had, due consideration is to be given to all relevant circumstances of the case including the negotiations, any practices which the parties have established between themselves, usages and any subsequent conduct of the parties.
Number Issue # Cases
1 Interpretation of statements or other conduct of a party 12
1.1 According to party's own intent where other party knew of such intent 27
1.2 Otherwise, according to understanding of reasonable person of same kind in same circumstances 34
2 Relevant circumstances for purposes of interpretation 17
2.1 Negotiations 13
2.2 Practices established between parties 13
2.3 Subsequent conduct of parties 11
2.4 Usages 0
3 Parol evidence rule 11
4 Merger clause 5
Country Date Court
United Kingdom 17-02-2006 Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
Cases: 1
USA 29-06-1998 U.S. Court of Appeals, 11th Circuit
USA 23-08-2006 U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York
USA 28-09-2011 U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York
Cases: 3
Vietnam 05-04-1996 People's Supreme Court, Appeal Division in Ho Chi Minh City
Cases: 1
Article 953 Cases
Article 109 Cases
Article 1134 Cases
Article 126 Cases
Article 132 Cases
Article 1446 Cases
Article 150 Cases
Article 163 Cases
Article 170 Cases
Article 1874 Cases
Article 1949 Cases
Article 200 Cases
Article 211 Cases
Article 220 Cases
Article 239 Cases
Article 245 Cases
Article 2595 Cases
Article 2621 Cases
Article 278 Cases
Article 283 Cases
Article 2923 Cases
Article 3017 Cases
Article 3156 Cases
Article 322 Cases
Article 3325 Cases
Article 344 Cases
Article 35139 Cases
Article 3627 Cases
Article 370 Cases
Article 3888 Cases
Article 39235 Cases
Article 4032 Cases
Article 412 Cases
Article 426 Cases
Article 432 Cases
Article 449 Cases
Article 4539 Cases
Article 4613 Cases
Article 4724 Cases
Article 489 Cases
Article 49111 Cases
Article 5044 Cases
Article 5115 Cases
Article 525 Cases
Article 5374 Cases
Article 549 Cases
Article 559 Cases
Article 560 Cases
Article 5770 Cases
Article 5820 Cases
Article 5924 Cases
Article 607 Cases
Article 6123 Cases
Article 6224 Cases
Article 6313 Cases
Article 6427 Cases
Article 651 Cases
Article 664 Cases
Article 6716 Cases
Article 680 Cases
Article 696 Cases
Article 701 Cases
Article 7129 Cases
Article 729 Cases
Article 7317 Cases
Article 74148 Cases
Article 7544 Cases
Article 7616 Cases
Article 7743 Cases
Article 78223 Cases
Article 7938 Cases
Article 8014 Cases
Article 8134 Cases
Article 8211 Cases
Article 831 Cases
Article 8427 Cases
Article 855 Cases
Article 865 Cases
Article 873 Cases
Article 8810 Cases
Article 890 Cases
Article 901 Cases
Article 910 Cases
Article 9210 Cases
Article 934 Cases
Article 940 Cases
Article 954 Cases
Article 966 Cases
Article 970 Cases
Article 980 Cases
Article 992 Cases
Article 10022 Cases
Article 1010 Cases
Total Cases in the database 3606