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Article 6727 Bibliography (1) If the contract of sale involves carriage of the goods and the seller is not bound to hand them over at a particular place, the risk passes to the buyer when the goods are handed over to the first carrier for transmission to the buyer in accordance with the contract of sale. If the seller is bound to hand the goods over to a carrier at a particular place, the risk does not pass to the buyer until the goods are handed over to the carrier at that place. The fact that the seller is authorized to retain documents controlling the disposition of the goods does not affect the passage of the risk.

(2) Nevertheless, the risk does not pass to the buyer until the goods are clearly identified to the contract, whether by markings on the goods, by shipping documents, by notice given to the buyer or otherwise.
Author Title Publisher
ANGELICI, C. La disciplina del passaggio dei rischi AA.VV., LA VENDITA INTERNAZIONALE, ATTI CONVEGNO S. MARGHERITA LIGURE (26-28 SETT. 1980), QUADERNI GIUR. COMM. 39 (MILANO, GIUFFRE), 1981, 211-240
BERMAN, H. / LADD, M. Risk of Loss or Damage in Documentary Transactions Under the Convention on the International Sale of Goods (Cornell Symposium) 21 CORNELL INTERNATIONAL LAW JOURNAL 423-437 (1988)
BUCHER, E. Gefahrenübergang (Lausanner Kolloquium 19/20.11.1984) WIENER ÜBEREINKOMMEN VON 1980 ÜBER DEN INTERNATIONALEN WARENKAUF, SCHWEIZERISCHES INSTITUT FÜR RECHTSVERGLEICHUNG (ZÜRICH), 1985, 207-218
BUCHER, E. Überblick über die Neuerungen des Wiener Kaufrechts; dessen Verhältnis zur Kaufrechtstradition und zum nationalen Recht BUCHER, E. (ed.), WIENER KAUFRECHT, BERNER TAGE FÜR DIE JURISTISCHE PRAXIS 1990 (BERN), 1991, 13-52
DERAINS, Y., Transfer des risques de livraison (Colloque Paris 1/2.12.1989) DERAINS, Y. / GHESTIN, J. (eds.) LA CONVENTION DE VIENNE SUR LA VENTE INTERNATIONALE ET LES INCOTERMS (PARIS), 1990, 171
ERAUW J., CISG articles 66-70: the risk of loss and passing it in: The Journal of Law and Commerce, Vol. 25, Issue 1, 2005, pp. 133-146
FURTAK, O., UN-Kaufrecht und EKG: Gefahrtragung beim Versendungskauf JAHRBUCH FÜR ITALIENISCHES RECHT (HEIDELBERG) 1990, 127-133
GEIST, R., Die Gefahrtragung nach dem UN-Übereinkommen über den internationalen Warenkauf WIRTSCHAFTSRECHTLICHE BLÄTTER, 1989, 349-356
GREWAL, S.S., Risk of Loss in Goods Sold During Transit: A Comparative Study of the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, the UCC and the British Sale of Goods Act 14 LOYOLA OF LOS ANGELES INTERNATIONAL AND COMPARATIVE LAW JOURNAL 93-119 (1991)
GUSTIN M., Le transfert des risques et l"impossibilité d"exécution dans la CVIM Revue de Droit des Affaires Internationales / International Business Law Journal, n. 3/4, 2001, 379-400
HAGER G. Arts. 66-70 CISG in: Schlechtriem P. / Schwenzer I. (eds.), Commentary on the UN Convention on the International Sale of Goods (CISG), 2nd ed., Oxford University Press, Oxford 2005, 676-700
HAGER G. Artt. 66-70 CISG in: SCHLECHTRIEM P. / SCHWENZER I. (eds.), Kommentar zum Einheitlichen UN-Kaufrecht, 4th ed., C.H. Beck, München 2004, 635-656
HAGER, G., Die Gefahrtragung beim Kauf - Eine rechtsvergleichende Untersuchung (Frankfurt) 1982
HAGER, G., Gefahrtragung nach UN-Kaufrecht im Vergleich zu EKG und BGB SCHLECHTRIEM, P. (ed.), EINHEITLICHES KAUFRECHT UND NAT. OBLIGATIONENRECHT (FACHTAGUNG FREIBURG I. BR. 16-17/2/1987) (BADEN-BADEN), 1987, 387-411
HOFFMANN VON, B., Passing of Risk in International Sales of Goods SARCEVIC, P. / VOLKEN, P. (eds.), INTERNATIONAL SALE OF GOODS, DUBROVNIK LECTURES (NEW YORK, OCEANA), 1986, 265-303
HONNOLD, J.O., Risk of Loss GALSTON, N.M. / SMIT H. (eds.), INTERNATIONAL SALES (CONFERNCE AT PARKER SCHOOL) (NEW YORK, MATTHEW BENDER), 1984, ch. 8
LINDACKER, W.F., Gefahrtragung und Gefahrübergang HOYER, H. / POSCH, W. (eds.), DAS EINHEITLICHE WIENER KAUFRECHT (WIEN), 1992, 165-176
MURRAY, D.E., Risk of Loss of Goods in Transit: a Comparison of the 1990 INCOTERMS with the Terms from Other Voices 23 UNIVERSITY OF MIAMI INTER-AMERICAN LAW REVIEW 93-131 (1991)
NICHOLAS B. Arts. 66-70 CISG in: BIANCA C.M. / BONELL M.J. (eds.), Commentary on the International Sales Law, Giuffrè, Milano 1987, 483-511
RAMBERG J., To what extent do INCOTERMS 2000 vary articles 67(2), 68 and 69? in: The Journal of Law and Commerce, Vol. 25, Issue 1, 2005, pp. 219-222
ROTH, P.M., The Passing of Risk 27 THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE LAW 291-310 (1979)
SCHMUTZ, P., Die Gefahrentragung beim Kaufvertrag nach schweizerischem und UNCITRAL-Kaufrecht (Diss. Basel 1983), 132 p.
SCHÖNLE, H., Réflexions sur le transfert des risques dans la vente internationale INSTITUT DE DROIT BANCAIRE ET DE DROIT COMMERCIAL (ed.), MELANGES A LA MEMOIRE DU PROFESSEUR HALûK TANDOGAN (ANKARA), 1990, 259-281
SEVON, L., Passing of Risk (Lausanner Kolloquium 19./20.11.1984) WIENER ÜBEREINKOMMEN VON 1980 ÜBER DEN INTERNATIONALEN WARENKAUF, SCHWEIZERISCHES INSTITUT FÜR RECHTSVERGLEICHUNG (ZÜRICH), 1985, 191-206
STOCKS, M., Risk of Loss under the UCC and the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods: A Comparative Analysis and proposed Revision of UCC Sects. 2-509 and 2-510 (Student Note)
VALIOTI Z., Passing of risk in international sale contracts: a comparative examination of the rules on risk under the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (Vienna 1980) and INCOTERMS 2000 in Nordic Journal of Commercial Law, 2004/2
WINSHIP P. Articles 66-77 CISG in: Ferrari F. / Flechtner H. / Brand R. (eds.), The Draft UNCITRAL Digest and Beyond: Cases, Analysis and Unresolved Issues in the U.N. Sales Convention, München (Sellier, European Law Publishers GmbH) / London (Sweet & Maxwell), 2004, 753-809
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