Selected Cases by Article & Issues

Article 1571 Cases
Article 218 Cases
Article 350 Cases
Article 4150 Cases
Article 51 Cases
Article 679 Cases
Article 7202 Cases
Article 893 Cases
Article 952 Cases
Article 109 Cases
Article 1133 Cases
Article 126 Cases
Article 132 Cases
Article 1444 Cases
Article 150 Cases
Article 163 Cases
Article 170 Cases
Article 1871 Cases
Article 1947 Cases (1) A reply to an offer which purports to be an acceptance but contains additions, limitations or other modifications is a rejection of the offer and constitutes a counter-offer.

(2) However, a reply to an offer which purports to be an acceptance but contains additional or different terms which do not materially alter the terms of the offer constitutes an acceptance, unless the offeror, without undue delay, objects orally to the discrepancy or dispatches a notice to that effect. If he does not so object, the terms of the contract are the terms of the offer with the modifications contained in the acceptance.

(3) Additional or different terms relating, among other things, to the price, payment, quality and quantity of the goods, place and time of delivery, extent of one party"s liability to other or the settlement of disputes are considered to alter the terms of the offer materially.
Number Issue # Cases
1 Modified acceptance 6
1.1 Constituting counter-offer 18
1.2 Constituting acceptance where modifications not material and not objected to by offeror 7
1.2.1 Examples of non-material modifications 11
Country Date Court
Arbitral Award 01-04-1993 CIETAC China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission
Arbitral Award 10-06-2002 CIETAC China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission
Cases: 2
Austria 20-03-1997 Oberster Gerichtshof
Cases: 1
France 04-01-1995 Cour de Cassation
Cases: 1
Germany 14-08-1991 Landgericht Baden-Baden
Germany 27-04-1999 Oberlandesgericht Naumburg
Germany 09-01-2002 Bundesgerichtshof
Germany 04-10-2002 Oberlandesgericht Koblenz
Germany 01-03-2010 Oberlandesgericht Koblenz
Cases: 5
Hungary 10-01-1992 Metropolitan Court of Budapest
Cases: 1
USA 31-03-2010 U.S. District Court, M.D. Alabama, Eastern Division
Cases: 1
1.2.2 Examples of material modifications 16
1.2.3 Battle of forms 7
Article 200 Cases
Article 211 Cases
Article 220 Cases
Article 239 Cases
Article 245 Cases
Article 2585 Cases
Article 2620 Cases
Article 278 Cases
Article 283 Cases
Article 2923 Cases
Article 3017 Cases
Article 3155 Cases
Article 322 Cases
Article 3325 Cases
Article 344 Cases
Article 35132 Cases
Article 3627 Cases
Article 370 Cases
Article 3884 Cases
Article 39227 Cases
Article 4030 Cases
Article 412 Cases
Article 426 Cases
Article 432 Cases
Article 448 Cases
Article 4539 Cases
Article 4613 Cases
Article 4724 Cases
Article 489 Cases
Article 49105 Cases
Article 5040 Cases
Article 5115 Cases
Article 525 Cases
Article 5371 Cases
Article 549 Cases
Article 558 Cases
Article 560 Cases
Article 5770 Cases
Article 5820 Cases
Article 5923 Cases
Article 607 Cases
Article 6122 Cases
Article 6224 Cases
Article 6312 Cases
Article 6425 Cases
Article 651 Cases
Article 664 Cases
Article 6716 Cases
Article 680 Cases
Article 696 Cases
Article 701 Cases
Article 7129 Cases
Article 729 Cases
Article 7316 Cases
Article 74147 Cases
Article 7542 Cases
Article 7616 Cases
Article 7743 Cases
Article 78217 Cases
Article 7935 Cases
Article 8014 Cases
Article 8134 Cases
Article 8211 Cases
Article 831 Cases
Article 8427 Cases
Article 855 Cases
Article 865 Cases
Article 873 Cases
Article 8810 Cases
Article 890 Cases
Article 901 Cases
Article 910 Cases
Article 9210 Cases
Article 934 Cases
Article 940 Cases
Article 954 Cases
Article 966 Cases
Article 970 Cases
Article 980 Cases
Article 992 Cases
Article 10022 Cases
Article 1010 Cases
Total Cases in the database 3488