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 Article #  

  A contract of sale need not to be concluded in or evidenced by writing and is not subject to any other requirements as to form. It may be proved by any means, including witnesses.


Issues       
# Cases
 1 Written form generally not required
14
  1.1 For substantive purposes
Country # Cases  
Finland 1  
France 1  
Spain 1  
Switzerland 2  
Date Court
05.12.1995 Handelsgericht St. Gallen
04.08.2003 Schweizerisches Bundesgericht
USA 2  
Brazil 1  
8
  1.2 For evidentiary purposes
4
   1.2.1 Admissibility of all evidence, including testimony by witnesses
7
 2 Written form exceptionally required
  2.1 Party situated in Contracting State having made reservation under Art. 96
2
  2.2 Contractual agreement requiring written form
 3 Statute of Frauds
2
Total: 32


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