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 Article #  

  A contract of sale need not to be concluded in or evidenced by writing and is not subject to any other requirements as to form. It may be proved by any means, including witnesses.


Issues       
# Cases
 1 Written form generally not required
Country # Cases  
Argentina 1  
Austria 1  
Canada 1  
Hungary 1  
Italy 2  
Netherlands 3  
Spain 1  
Switzerland 1  
USA 3  
Date Court
08.08.2000 United States District Court, S.D. New York
05.05.2003 U.S. Circuit Court of Appeal (9th Circuit)
21.07.2010 U.S. Court of Appeals (3rd Circuit)
14
  1.1 For substantive purposes
8
  1.2 For evidentiary purposes
4
   1.2.1 Admissibility of all evidence, including testimony by witnesses
7
 2 Written form exceptionally required
  2.1 Party situated in Contracting State having made reservation under Art. 96
2
  2.2 Contractual agreement requiring written form
 3 Statute of Frauds
2
Total: 32


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