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 Article #  

  (1) This Convention applies to contracts of sale of goods between parties whose places of business are in different States:

(a) when the States are Contracting States; or

(b) when the rules of private international law lead to the application of the law of a Contracting State.

(2) The fact that the parties have their places of business in different States is to be disregarded whenever this fact does not appear either from the contract or from any dealings between, or from information disclosed by, the parties at any time before or at the conclusion of the contract.

(3) Neither the nationality of the parties nor the civil or commercial character of the parties of the contract is to be taken into consideration in determining the application of this Convention.

# Cases
 1 Material scope of application
  1.1 Contract of sale of goods
   1.1.1 Civil or commercial character of the contract not relevant
   1.1.2 Contracts for the sale of software
   1.1.3 Contracts similar to contract of sale
1 Distributorship agreements
27 Other cases (barter, counter-trade, works contracts, etc.)
  1.2 Parties with places of business in different States
   1.2.1 Concept of place of business
   1.2.2 Concept of different States
3 Undisclosed foreign principal
 2 Territorial scope of application
  2.1 Parties situated in Contracting States
  2.2 Application of law of Contracting State based on rules of private international law
   2.2.1 Application of Convention based on choice of parties
   2.2.2 Choice of the law of Contracting State as governing law of contract
Country # Cases  
Arbitral Award 13  
Austria 4  
Belgium 8  
China 1  
France 2  
Germany 15  
Date Court
08.01.1993 Oberlandesgericht Düsseldorf
17.09.1993 Oberlandesgericht Koblenz
22.02.1994 Oberlandesgericht Köln
29.05.1995 Landgericht München I
09.06.1995 Oberlandesgericht Hamm
11.10.1995 Landgericht Düsseldorf
25.06.1997 Oberlandesgericht Karlsruhe
09.07.1997 Oberlandesgericht München
09.07.1997 Oberlandesgericht München
25.11.1998 Bundesgerichtshof
27.12.1999 Oberlandesgericht Dresden
26.01.2000 Hanseatisches Oberlandesgericht Hamburg
30.08.2000 Oberlandesgericht Frankfurt
10.10.2001 Oberlandesgericht Rostock
28.05.2014 Bundesgerichshof
Italy 1  
Netherlands 5  
Russian Federation 1  
Switzerland 2  
USA 4  
Republic of Korea 1  
Ukraine 4  
Belarus 2  
Poland 1  
Singapore 1  
 3 Convention as 'lex mercatoria'
Total: 540

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