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 Article #  

  (1) This Convention applies to contracts of sale of goods between parties whose places of business are in different States:

(a) when the States are Contracting States; or

(b) when the rules of private international law lead to the application of the law of a Contracting State.

(2) The fact that the parties have their places of business in different States is to be disregarded whenever this fact does not appear either from the contract or from any dealings between, or from information disclosed by, the parties at any time before or at the conclusion of the contract.

(3) Neither the nationality of the parties nor the civil or commercial character of the parties of the contract is to be taken into consideration in determining the application of this Convention.


Issues       
# Cases
 1 Material scope of application
2
  1.1 Contract of sale of goods
20
   1.1.1 Civil or commercial character of the contract not relevant
   1.1.2 Contracts for the sale of software
5
   1.1.3 Contracts similar to contract of sale
1
    1.1.3.1 Distributorship agreements
27
    1.1.3.2 Other cases (barter, counter-trade, works contracts, etc.)
11
  1.2 Parties with places of business in different States
33
   1.2.1 Concept of place of business
3
   1.2.2 Concept of different States
3
    1.2.2.1 Undisclosed foreign principal
 2 Territorial scope of application
3
  2.1 Parties situated in Contracting States
292
  2.2 Application of law of Contracting State based on rules of private international law
Country # Cases  
Arbitral Award 13  
Argentina 3  
Austria 3  
Belgium 15  
Canada 1  
France 11  
Germany 25  
Italy 5  
Netherlands 16  
Date Court
08.02.1990 Arrondissementsrechtbank Alkmaar
21.11.1990 Arrondissementsrechtbank Dordrecht
19.12.1991 Arrondissementsrechtbank Roermond
26.02.1992 Gerechtshof's Hertogenbosch
25.02.1993 Arrondissementsrechtbank Arnhem
06.05.1993 Arrondissementsrechtbank Roermond
30.12.1993 Arrondissementsrechtbank Arnhem
05.10.1994 Arrondissementsrechtbank Amsterdam
01.03.1995 Arrondissementsrechtbank Zwolle
09.08.1995 Arrondissementsrechtbank Almelo
21.05.1996 Gerechtshof's Arnhem
07.11.1997 Hoge Raad
20.02.1998 Hoge Raad
02.10.1998 Rechtbank's-Hertogenbosch
27.04.1999 Hof Arnhem
27.02.2008 Rechtbank Breda
Russian Federation 1  
Spain 4  
Switzerland 5  
USA 2  
Belarus 1  
Croatia 1  
106
   2.2.1 Application of Convention based on choice of parties
15
   2.2.2 Choice of the law of Contracting State as governing law of contract
65
 3 Convention as 'lex mercatoria'
12
Total: 537


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