Select Cases by Article & Issues
 Article #  

  (1) This Convention applies to contracts of sale of goods between parties whose places of business are in different States:

(a) when the States are Contracting States; or

(b) when the rules of private international law lead to the application of the law of a Contracting State.

(2) The fact that the parties have their places of business in different States is to be disregarded whenever this fact does not appear either from the contract or from any dealings between, or from information disclosed by, the parties at any time before or at the conclusion of the contract.

(3) Neither the nationality of the parties nor the civil or commercial character of the parties of the contract is to be taken into consideration in determining the application of this Convention.

# Cases
 1 Material scope of application
  1.1 Contract of sale of goods
   1.1.1 Civil or commercial character of the contract not relevant
   1.1.2 Contracts for the sale of software
   1.1.3 Contracts similar to contract of sale
1 Distributorship agreements
27 Other cases (barter, counter-trade, works contracts, etc.)
  1.2 Parties with places of business in different States
   1.2.1 Concept of place of business
   1.2.2 Concept of different States
3 Undisclosed foreign principal
 2 Territorial scope of application
  2.1 Parties situated in Contracting States
  2.2 Application of law of Contracting State based on rules of private international law
Country # Cases  
Arbitral Award 13  
Argentina 3  
Austria 3  
Belgium 15  
Canada 1  
France 11  
Germany 25  
Date Court
03.07.1989 Landgericht München I
31.08.1989 Landgericht Stuttgart
23.02.1990 Oberlandesgericht Koblenz
03.04.1990 Landgericht Aachen
24.04.1990 Amtsgericht Oldenburg in Holstein
26.09.1990 Landgericht Hamburg
31.01.1991 Amtsgericht Frankfurt am Main
13.06.1991 Oberlandesgericht Frankfurt am Main
14.08.1991 Landgericht Baden-Baden
16.09.1991 Landgericht Frankfurt am Main
17.09.1991 Oberlandesgericht Frankfurt am Main
27.09.1991 Oberlandesgericht Koblenz
20.11.1992 Oberlandesgericht Karlsruhe
12.03.1993 Oberlandesgericht Düsseldorf
02.07.1993 Oberlandesgericht Düsseldorf
10.02.1994 Oberlandesgericht Düsseldorf
06.07.1994 Landgericht Frankfurt am Main
25.08.1994 Landgericht Düsseldorf Kammer für Handelssachen
05.07.1995 Oberlandesgericht Frankfurt am Main
05.12.1995 Landgericht Siegen
27.03.1996 Landgericht Oldenburg
30.07.2001 Landgericht Braunschweig
25.11.2002 Landgericht Saarbrücken
25.01.2008 Oberlandesgericht Hamburg
24.07.2009 Oberlandesgericht Celle
Italy 5  
Netherlands 16  
Russian Federation 1  
Spain 4  
Switzerland 5  
USA 2  
Belarus 1  
Croatia 1  
   2.2.1 Application of Convention based on choice of parties
   2.2.2 Choice of the law of Contracting State as governing law of contract
 3 Convention as 'lex mercatoria'
Total: 540

all cases related to this article