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 Article #  

  (1) This Convention applies to contracts of sale of goods between parties whose places of business are in different States:

(a) when the States are Contracting States; or

(b) when the rules of private international law lead to the application of the law of a Contracting State.

(2) The fact that the parties have their places of business in different States is to be disregarded whenever this fact does not appear either from the contract or from any dealings between, or from information disclosed by, the parties at any time before or at the conclusion of the contract.

(3) Neither the nationality of the parties nor the civil or commercial character of the parties of the contract is to be taken into consideration in determining the application of this Convention.

# Cases
 1 Material scope of application
  1.1 Contract of sale of goods
   1.1.1 Civil or commercial character of the contract not relevant
   1.1.2 Contracts for the sale of software
   1.1.3 Contracts similar to contract of sale
1 Distributorship agreements
27 Other cases (barter, counter-trade, works contracts, etc.)
  1.2 Parties with places of business in different States
   1.2.1 Concept of place of business
   1.2.2 Concept of different States
3 Undisclosed foreign principal
 2 Territorial scope of application
  2.1 Parties situated in Contracting States
  2.2 Application of law of Contracting State based on rules of private international law
Country # Cases  
Arbitral Award 13  
Argentina 3  
Austria 3  
Belgium 15  
Date Court
23.02.1994 Rechtbank van Koophandel, Hasselt
16.03.1994 Rechtbank van Koophandel, Hasselt
05.10.1994 Tribunal de Commerce de Bruxelles, 7ème ch.
24.01.1995 Rechtbank van Koophandel, Hasselt
01.03.1995 Rechtbank van Koophandel, Hasselt
08.11.1995 Rechtbank van Koophandel, Hasselt
09.10.1996 Rechtbank van Koophandel, Hasselt
21.01.1997 Rechtbank van Koophandel, Hasselt
29.01.2001 Rechtbank van Koophandel, Ieper
08.03.2001 Cour d'Appel, Mons
23.05.2001 Hof van Beroep, Gent
02.12.2002 Hof van Beroep, Gent
10.05.2004 Hof van Hoger Beroep, Gent
04.06.2004 Rechtbank van Koophandel, Kortrijk
08.10.2004 Hof van Beroep, Gent
Canada 1  
France 11  
Germany 25  
Italy 5  
Netherlands 16  
Russian Federation 1  
Spain 4  
Switzerland 5  
USA 2  
Belarus 1  
Croatia 1  
   2.2.1 Application of Convention based on choice of parties
   2.2.2 Choice of the law of Contracting State as governing law of contract
 3 Convention as 'lex mercatoria'
Total: 538

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