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 Article #  

  (1) This Convention applies to contracts of sale of goods between parties whose places of business are in different States:

(a) when the States are Contracting States; or

(b) when the rules of private international law lead to the application of the law of a Contracting State.

(2) The fact that the parties have their places of business in different States is to be disregarded whenever this fact does not appear either from the contract or from any dealings between, or from information disclosed by, the parties at any time before or at the conclusion of the contract.

(3) Neither the nationality of the parties nor the civil or commercial character of the parties of the contract is to be taken into consideration in determining the application of this Convention.


Issues       
# Cases
 1 Material scope of application
2
  1.1 Contract of sale of goods
20
   1.1.1 Civil or commercial character of the contract not relevant
   1.1.2 Contracts for the sale of software
5
   1.1.3 Contracts similar to contract of sale
1
    1.1.3.1 Distributorship agreements
27
    1.1.3.2 Other cases (barter, counter-trade, works contracts, etc.)
11
  1.2 Parties with places of business in different States
33
   1.2.1 Concept of place of business
3
   1.2.2 Concept of different States
3
    1.2.2.1 Undisclosed foreign principal
 2 Territorial scope of application
3
  2.1 Parties situated in Contracting States
Country # Cases  
Arbitral Award 18  
Argentina 2  
Australia 3  
Austria 26  
Belgium 8  
Canada 6  
China 3  
Denmark 2  
Egypt 1  
Finland 2  
France 32  
Germany 46  
Hungary 2  
Italy 10  
Mexico 3  
Netherlands 14  
Russian Federation 6  
Spain 15  
Switzerland 23  
Date Court
09.09.1993 Handelsgericht Zürich
06.12.1993 Tribunal Cantonal de Vaud
29.06.1994 Tribunal Cantonal Valais
20.12.1994 Tribunal Cantonal Valais
26.04.1995 Handelsgericht Zürich
20.02.1997 Bezirksgericht der Saane
19.12.1997 Handelsgericht des Kantons Aargau
29.06.1998 Tribunal Cantonal de Sion
21.09.1998 Handelsgericht des Kantons Zürich
11.06.1999 Handelsgericht des Kantons Aargau
29.10.2003 Tribunale d'Appello di Lugano
13.01.2004 Schweizerisches Bundesgericht
19.02.2004 Schweizerisches Bundesgericht
07.07.2004 Schweizerisches Bundesgericht
05.04.2005 Schweizerisches Bundesgericht
19.09.2005 Tribunal Cantonal Valais
10.10.2005 Schweizerisches Bundesgericht
22.12.2005 Handelsgericht Zürich
28.01.2009 Tribunal cantonal du Valais
18.05.2009 Schweizerisches Bundesgericht
16.12.2009 Schweizerisches Bundesgericht
17.12.2009 Schweizerisches Bundesgericht
29.02.2016 Cour d'appel Tribunal Cantonal Vaud
USA 37  
New Zealand 1  
Republic of Korea 7  
Estonia 1  
Belarus 5  
Poland 6  
Slovakia 4  
Greece 1  
Slovenia 1  
Czech Republic 1  
Albania 1  
Croatia 4  
Slovenia 1  
292
  2.2 Application of law of Contracting State based on rules of private international law
106
   2.2.1 Application of Convention based on choice of parties
15
   2.2.2 Choice of the law of Contracting State as governing law of contract
65
 3 Convention as 'lex mercatoria'
12
Total: 537


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