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 Article #  

  (1) This Convention applies to contracts of sale of goods between parties whose places of business are in different States:

(a) when the States are Contracting States; or

(b) when the rules of private international law lead to the application of the law of a Contracting State.

(2) The fact that the parties have their places of business in different States is to be disregarded whenever this fact does not appear either from the contract or from any dealings between, or from information disclosed by, the parties at any time before or at the conclusion of the contract.

(3) Neither the nationality of the parties nor the civil or commercial character of the parties of the contract is to be taken into consideration in determining the application of this Convention.


Issues       
# Cases
 1 Material scope of application
2
  1.1 Contract of sale of goods
20
   1.1.1 Civil or commercial character of the contract not relevant
   1.1.2 Contracts for the sale of software
5
   1.1.3 Contracts similar to contract of sale
1
    1.1.3.1 Distributorship agreements
27
    1.1.3.2 Other cases (barter, counter-trade, works contracts, etc.)
11
  1.2 Parties with places of business in different States
33
   1.2.1 Concept of place of business
3
   1.2.2 Concept of different States
3
    1.2.2.1 Undisclosed foreign principal
 2 Territorial scope of application
3
  2.1 Parties situated in Contracting States
Country # Cases  
Arbitral Award 18  
Argentina 2  
Australia 3  
Austria 26  
Date Court
27.10.1994 Oberster Gerichtshof
10.11.1994 Oberster Gerichtshof
20.03.1997 Oberster Gerichtshof
18.06.1997 Oberster Gerichtshof
08.09.1997 Oberster Gerichtshof
11.09.1997 Oberster Gerichtshof
25.06.1998 Oberster Gerichtshof
10.09.1998 Oberster Gerichtshof
29.06.1999 Oberster Gerichtshof
13.04.2000 Oberster Gerichtshof
28.04.2000 Oberster Gerichtshof
05.07.2001 Oberster Gerichtshof
07.03.2002 Oberlandesgericht Graz
29.07.2004 Oberlandesgericht Graz
26.01.2005 Oberster Gerichtshof
26.04.2005 Oberster Gerichtshof
23.05.2005 Oberster Gerichtshof
24.05.2005 Oberster Gerichtshof
21.06.2005 Oberster Gerichtshof
31.08.2005 Oberster Gerichtshof
23.01.2006 Oberlandesgericht Linz
12.09.2006 Oberster Gerichtshof
19.12.2007 Oberster Gerichtshof
31.08.2010 Oberster Gerichtshof
22.11.2011 Oberster Gerichtshof
13.12.2012 Oberster Gerichtshof
Belgium 8  
Canada 6  
China 3  
Denmark 2  
Egypt 1  
Finland 2  
France 32  
Germany 46  
Hungary 2  
Italy 10  
Mexico 3  
Netherlands 14  
Russian Federation 6  
Spain 15  
Switzerland 23  
USA 37  
New Zealand 1  
Republic of Korea 7  
Estonia 1  
Belarus 5  
Poland 6  
Slovakia 4  
Greece 1  
Slovenia 1  
Czech Republic 1  
Albania 1  
Croatia 4  
Slovenia 1  
292
  2.2 Application of law of Contracting State based on rules of private international law
106
   2.2.1 Application of Convention based on choice of parties
15
   2.2.2 Choice of the law of Contracting State as governing law of contract
65
 3 Convention as 'lex mercatoria'
12
Total: 537


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